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Experts en : Littérature et science

DESPOIX, Philippe

Professeur associé

Dix-huitièmiste, Philippe Despoix s'intéresse aux voyages scientifiques européens de l'époque des Lumières et plus particulièrement, dans le cadre du groupe de recherche « Gestes admirables », au rôle et à la diffusion de la gravure. Également spécialiste de la pensée germanique du XXe siècle, il fait partie du Centre canadien d'études allemandes et européennes dont il codirige la collection aux PUM. Il est aussi membre de l'école doctorale transatlantique “Diversity: Mediating Difference in Transcultural Space”.

Membre du comité scientifique du Centre de recherche sur l'intermédialité, il y collabore à l'équipe  « Archiver à l'époque du numérique » et dirige la revue Intermédialités. Histoire et théorie des arts des lettre et des techniques. Ses recherches actuelles portent sur la fonction des médias dans les processus mémoriels et interculturels. Il prépare un ouvrage qui envisage le rapport entre photographie, anthropologie et histoire dans une perspective intermédiale.

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WOLFE, Irving

Professeur agrégé

Irving Wolfe is interested in the archetypal, mythological and religious substructures of literature; he believes they underlie the recurrent structures, themes, events and patterns in fiction and drama.

Wolfe is also interested in the tactic of irony as a guiding authorial device between writer and audience. He has written several articles and presented papers on this subject. He spent a sabbatical leave researching the topic, and has partly completed a book entitled ''Shakespeare's Irony''.  

Wolfe, in addition, has been engaged in developing a comprehensive theory to explain all the disparate facts of the Nazi phenomenon: he sees it not so much as a political event but as a partially hysterically created drama using language, symbol, spectacle, violence and myth in its pursuit of world power as a hedge against the terror of an apparent slide into formlessness and chaos. He spent a sabbatical at the Wiene Institute in London and has written several hundred pages of a book on the topic, parts of which have been published on the Internet by the Center for Millenial Studies in Boston. He has also completed a screenplay on a one-day mass shooting of Jews in Poland, which has been sent to the director of the Shoah Foundation in Los Angeles.

Wolfe is also interested in the weaknesses and vagaries of fashionable critical theory in the last quarter of the 20th century. 

Lastly, Wolfe sees literature as united by a common origin in ancient geophysical trauma to the Earth, inducedby cosmic pressures, the memories of which have been repressed into the collective unconscious but which threaten, under conditions of stress and fear, to rise to and overwhelm consciousness. Literature is the re-visiting of the trauma but in safe form, so it functions as a transaction with our buried past. To illustrate this, he has published articles revealing the hidden presence of catastrophic retelling in Shakespeare, modern drama, soap operas, Mesoamerican religion, ancient sport, nazi ritual, etc.

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